China’s Building Standards

“Collapsed Market”: Cutting corners to build apartments quickly

Rush to modernization - overlooked building safety standards

Collapse of “Lotus Riverside” apartment building
in Shanghai's Minxing district (June 27, 2009)



China's Collapsing Building Standards
























(1) Initial apartment building construction plans


(2) An underground garage was being dug on the south side,
to a depth of 4.6 meters. The excavated soil was being piled up
on the north side, to a height of 10 meters.


(3) Heavy rains resulted in water seeping into the ground.
The building experienced uneven lateral pressure from the north and south.

(4) This resulted in a lateral pressure of 3,000 tonnes, which was
greater than what the pilings could tolerate.


(5) The building began to shift, and the hollow concrete pilings were
snapped due to the uneven lateral pressures.
Then the building toppled over in the southerly direction.


QuotaBills
How much does your building weigh? - R Buckminster Fuller

The engineering is secondary to the vision. - Cynthia Ozick

Architecture begins where engineering ends. - Walter Gropius

I am building a dream with elevators in it. - Rick Ross

Every man is the architect of his own fortune. - Sallust

The road to success is always under construction. - Lily Tomlin

Death and taxes are unsolved engineering problems. - Romana Machado

Writing about music is like dancing about architecture. - Elvis Costello

I just love Chinese food. My favorite dish is number 27. - Clement Attlee

Prose is architecture, not interior decoration, and the Baroque is over. - Ernest Hemingway

Architecture starts when you carefully put two bricks together. There it begins. - Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

No Chinese Catholics are allowed to worship ancestors in their familial temples. - Pope Clement XI

Architect: One who drafts a plan of your house, and plans a draft of your money. - Ambrose Bierce

Scientists discover the world that exists; engineers create the world that never was. - Theodore von Karman

Many agree that the worst thing that could ever happen is if Russia and China get closer. - Donald Trump

Belief in oneself is one of the most important bricks in building any successful venture. - Lydia M. Child

I just wasn't cut out to be a Chinese Tiger Mom. I'm more of an Irish Setter Dad. - P.J. O'Rourke

When my friends and I played cowboys and Indians, I was always the Chinese railroad worker. - Robin Williams

I want to have a bunch of kids so I can open a factory and have free labor. Beat that, China! - Jarod Kintz

One has to look out for engineers - they begin with sewing machines and end up with the atomic bomb. - Marcel Pagnol

You get the best effort from others not by lighting a fire beneath them, but by building a fire within. - Bob Nelson

I had a meal last night. I ordered everything in French - surprised everybody, it was a Chinese restaurant. - Tommy Cooper

My big focus is China and OPEC and all of these countries that are just absolutely destroying the United States. - Donald Trump

Just because I have rice on my clothes doesn't mean I've been to a wedding. A Chinese man threw up on me. - Phyllis Diller

The Swedish engineer who invented the zip fastener made a greater intellectual leap than many scientists do in a lifetime. - Martin Rees

NASA scientists have been studying giraffe skin so they can apply what they learn from it to the construction of spacesuits. - Joanna Lumley

Twenty years of romance make a woman look like a ruin, but twenty years of marriage make her something like a public building. - Oscar Wilde

Living in China has made me appreciate my own country, with its tiny, ethnically diverse population of unassuming donut-eaters. - Jan Wong

I know the answer! The answer lies within the heart of all mankind - the answer is twelve. I think I'm in the wrong building. - Charles Schulz

I thought about how mothers feed their babies with tiny little spoons and forks so I wondered, what do Chinese mothers use? Toothpicks? - George Carlin

Peace is a daily, a weekly, a monthly process, gradually changing opinions, slowly eroding old barriers, quietly building new structures. - John F Kennedy

The purpose of architecture is to shelter and enhance man's life on earth and to fulfill his belief in the nobility of his existence. - Eero Saarinen

She's so fat she's my two best friends. She wears stretch caftans. She's got more chins than the Chinese telephone directory. - Joan Rivers

I would be most content if my children grew up to be the kind of people who think decorating consists mostly of building enough bookshelves. - Anna Quindlen

When a train goes through a tunnel and it gets dark, you don't throw away the ticket and jump off. You sit still and trust the engineer. - Corrie Ten Boom

I deal with foreign countries. I made a lot of money dealing against China. I've made a lot of money dealing against many other countries. - Donald Trump

I'll love you, dear, I'll love you till China and Africa meet and the river jumps over the mountain and the salmon sing in the street. - W H Auden

They submitted bills, and we paid them. Then we checked the engineering reports and found out that we had paid them far more than we owed them. - Donald Trump

To the optimist, the glass is half-full. To the pessimist, the glass is half-empty. To the engineer, the glass is twice as big as it needs to be. - Unknown

When a man's suit fits, when the construction is beautiful, when the sewing and fabrics are there - in the end, you'll look the best in it. - John Varvatos


see also   Engineer   &  Safety  Sections
Telegraph (UK) Article

Dubai Construction Breach
Irish Dock Overboard Oh-Nos
Twisted Building (Pre-Earthquaked)

 

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12-Dec-2017