China’s Building Standards

“Collapsed Market”: Cutting corners to build apartments quickly

Rush to modernization - overlooked building safety standards

Collapse of “Lotus Riverside” apartment building
in Shanghai's Minxing district (June 27, 2009)



China's Collapsing Building Standards
























(1) Initial apartment building construction plans


(2) An underground garage was being dug on the south side,
to a depth of 4.6 meters. The excavated soil was being piled up
on the north side, to a height of 10 meters.


(3) Heavy rains resulted in water seeping into the ground.
The building experienced uneven lateral pressure from the north and south.

(4) This resulted in a lateral pressure of 3,000 tonnes, which was
greater than what the pilings could tolerate.


(5) The building began to shift, and the hollow concrete pilings were
snapped due to the uneven lateral pressures.
Then the building toppled over in the southerly direction.


QuotaBills
Engineering with fabric. - Jean Muir

The engineering is secondary to the vision. - Cynthia Ozick

Architecture begins where engineering ends. - Walter Gropius

I am building a dream with elevators in it. - Rick Ross

The road to success is always under construction. - Lily Tomlin

Writing about music is like dancing about architecture. - Elvis Costello

I just love Chinese food. My favorite dish is number 27. - Clement Attlee

I look like I'm Chinese or Thai or Japanese - very different. - Mary Kom

The Republic of China - back in the Olympic Games for the first time. - David Coleman

Prose is architecture, not interior decoration, and the Baroque is over. - Ernest Hemingway

What else is there to live for? Chinese food and women. There is nothing else! - Dudley Moore

Architecture starts when you carefully put two bricks together. There it begins. - Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Architect: One who drafts a plan of your house, and plans a draft of your money. - Ambrose Bierce

Scientists discover the world that exists; engineers create the world that never was. - Theodore von Karman

Belief in oneself is one of the most important bricks in building any successful venture. - Lydia M. Child

Genetic Engineering: A recent attempt to formalize what farmers have been doing all along. - Unknown

A doctor can bury his mistakes but an architect can only advise his clients to plant vines. - Frank Lloyd Wright

Architecture is the learned game, correct and magnificent, of forms assembled in the light. - Le Corbusier

Money itself doesn't interest me. But you must make money to go on building the business. - Rupert Murdoch

One has to look out for engineers - they begin with sewing machines and end up with the atomic bomb. - Marcel Pagnol

You get the best effort from others not by lighting a fire beneath them, but by building a fire within. - Bob Nelson

I had a meal last night. I ordered everything in French - surprised everybody, it was a Chinese restaurant. - Tommy Cooper

My big focus is China and OPEC and all of these countries that are just absolutely destroying the United States. - Donald Trump

NASA scientists have been studying giraffe skin so they can apply what they learn from it to the construction of spacesuits. - Joanna Lumley

Twenty years of romance make a woman look like a ruin, but twenty years of marriage make her something like a public building. - Oscar Wilde

Living in China has made me appreciate my own country, with its tiny, ethnically diverse population of unassuming donut-eaters. - Jan Wong

In case of fire, don't panic. Simply flee the building with the same reckless abandon that occurs each day at quitting time. - Don Delcourt

I recently went to a new doctor and noticed he was located in something called the Professional Building. I felt better right away. - George Carlin

Peace is a daily, a weekly, a monthly process, gradually changing opinions, slowly eroding old barriers, quietly building new structures. - John F Kennedy

The purpose of architecture is to shelter and enhance man's life on earth and to fulfill his belief in the nobility of his existence. - Eero Saarinen

She's so fat she's my two best friends. She wears stretch caftans. She's got more chins than the Chinese telephone directory. - Joan Rivers

I'm building a glass pyramid over the Egyptian escalator where my body will be mummified, so my customers can come and see me forever. - Mohamed Al-Fayed

When a train goes through a tunnel and it gets dark, you don't throw away the ticket and jump off. You sit still and trust the engineer. - Corrie Ten Boom

I deal with foreign countries. I made a lot of money dealing against China. I've made a lot of money dealing against many other countries. - Donald Trump

I'll love you, dear, I'll love you till China and Africa meet and the river jumps over the mountain and the salmon sing in the street. - W H Auden

They submitted bills, and we paid them. Then we checked the engineering reports and found out that we had paid them far more than we owed them. - Donald Trump

When written in Chinese, the word "crisis" is composed of two characters. One represents danger, and the other represents opportunity. - John F Kennedy

To the optimist, the glass is half-full. To the pessimist, the glass is half-empty. To the engineer, the glass is twice as big as it needs to be. - Unknown

Whenever you are embarrassed, just remember that in 1999 NASA destroyed a $655 Million project because the engineers mistook kilograms and pounds. - Unknown

When I walk down the street in New York, the building constructor, the guy pounding cement and what not, will yell, "Hey, you hockey puck!" - Don Rickles


see also   Engineer   &  Safety  Sections
Telegraph (UK) Article

Dubai Construction Breach
Irish Dock Overboard Oh-Nos
Twisted Building (Pre-Earthquaked)

 

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25-Feb-2018