China’s Building Standards

“Collapsed Market”: Cutting corners to build apartments quickly

Rush to modernization - overlooked building safety standards

Collapse of “Lotus Riverside” apartment building
in Shanghai's Minxing district (June 27, 2009)



China's Collapsing Building Standards
























(1) Initial apartment building construction plans


(2) An underground garage was being dug on the south side,
to a depth of 4.6 meters. The excavated soil was being piled up
on the north side, to a height of 10 meters.


(3) Heavy rains resulted in water seeping into the ground.
The building experienced uneven lateral pressure from the north and south.

(4) This resulted in a lateral pressure of 3,000 tonnes, which was
greater than what the pilings could tolerate.


(5) The building began to shift, and the hollow concrete pilings were
snapped due to the uneven lateral pressures.
Then the building toppled over in the southerly direction.


QuotaBills
Engineering with fabric. - Jean Muir

The engineering is secondary to the vision. - Cynthia Ozick

Architecture begins where engineering ends. - Walter Gropius

Every man is the architect of his own fortune. - Sallust

The road to success is always under construction. - Lily Tomlin

Death and taxes are unsolved engineering problems. - Romana Machado

I look like I'm Chinese or Thai or Japanese - very different. - Mary Kom

Prose is architecture, not interior decoration, and the Baroque is over. - Ernest Hemingway

Architecture starts when you carefully put two bricks together. There it begins. - Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Scientists discover the world that exists; engineers create the world that never was. - Theodore von Karman

Many agree that the worst thing that could ever happen is if Russia and China get closer. - Donald Trump

Belief in oneself is one of the most important bricks in building any successful venture. - Lydia M. Child

I just wasn't cut out to be a Chinese Tiger Mom. I'm more of an Irish Setter Dad. - P.J. O'Rourke

A doctor can bury his mistakes but an architect can only advise his clients to plant vines. - Frank Lloyd Wright

When my friends and I played cowboys and Indians, I was always the Chinese railroad worker. - Robin Williams

Architecture is the learned game, correct and magnificent, of forms assembled in the light. - Le Corbusier

I want to have a bunch of kids so I can open a factory and have free labor. Beat that, China! - Jarod Kintz

Money itself doesn't interest me. But you must make money to go on building the business. - Rupert Murdoch

Like a bull into a china closet. Like in that picture, "The Prince and The Porpoise." - Archie Bunker

For me, part of one my big movements is building authentic street environments for skateboarding. - Rob Dyrdek

My big focus is China and OPEC and all of these countries that are just absolutely destroying the United States. - Donald Trump

Just because I have rice on my clothes doesn't mean I've been to a wedding. A Chinese man threw up on me. - Phyllis Diller

The Swedish engineer who invented the zip fastener made a greater intellectual leap than many scientists do in a lifetime. - Martin Rees

When was the last time anybody saw us beating, let's say, China in a trade deal? They kill us. I beat China all the time. - Donald Trump

Living in China has made me appreciate my own country, with its tiny, ethnically diverse population of unassuming donut-eaters. - Jan Wong

In case of fire, don't panic. Simply flee the building with the same reckless abandon that occurs each day at quitting time. - Don Delcourt

I know the answer! The answer lies within the heart of all mankind - the answer is twelve. I think I'm in the wrong building. - Charles Schulz

I recently went to a new doctor and noticed he was located in something called the Professional Building. I felt better right away. - George Carlin

I thought about how mothers feed their babies with tiny little spoons and forks so I wondered, what do Chinese mothers use? Toothpicks? - George Carlin

Peace is a daily, a weekly, a monthly process, gradually changing opinions, slowly eroding old barriers, quietly building new structures. - John F Kennedy

The purpose of architecture is to shelter and enhance man's life on earth and to fulfill his belief in the nobility of his existence. - Eero Saarinen

She's so fat she's my two best friends. She wears stretch caftans. She's got more chins than the Chinese telephone directory. - Joan Rivers

I would be most content if my children grew up to be the kind of people who think decorating consists mostly of building enough bookshelves. - Anna Quindlen

When a train goes through a tunnel and it gets dark, you don't throw away the ticket and jump off. You sit still and trust the engineer. - Corrie Ten Boom

I deal with foreign countries. I made a lot of money dealing against China. I've made a lot of money dealing against many other countries. - Donald Trump

I'll love you, dear, I'll love you till China and Africa meet and the river jumps over the mountain and the salmon sing in the street. - W H Auden

They submitted bills, and we paid them. Then we checked the engineering reports and found out that we had paid them far more than we owed them. - Donald Trump

When written in Chinese, the word "crisis" is composed of two characters. One represents danger, and the other represents opportunity. - John F Kennedy

When a man's suit fits, when the construction is beautiful, when the sewing and fabrics are there - in the end, you'll look the best in it. - John Varvatos

When I walk down the street in New York, the building constructor, the guy pounding cement and what not, will yell, "Hey, you hockey puck!" - Don Rickles


see also   Engineer   &  Safety  Sections
Telegraph (UK) Article

Dubai Construction Breach
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Twisted Building (Pre-Earthquaked)

 

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20-Oct-2017